Do you sweat often? Do you lose weight even if your food intake is normal? These can be symptoms of hyperthyroidism. This is a condition where the thyroid gland is overactive and produces too much thyroxin.
- Unintentional weight loss
- Rapid heartbeat (tachycardia)
- Increased sensitivity to heat
- Muscle weakness
- Changes in menstrual patterns
- Sleep difficulty
- High blood pressure
- Increased appetite
- Shakiness or hand tremors
- An overheated feeling
Several conditions such as Grave’s disease, hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules, and Thyroiditis can cause hyperthyroidism. Over-consumption of iodine, especially through medication, can also lead to this condition.
If you are a female, or if you have a family history of Grave’s disease, you are more likely to get affected by hyperthyroidism. You can also get linked to this condition if you have a personal history of certain chronic illnesses, such as Type 1 diabetes, pernicious anemia, and primary adrenal insufficiency.
Hyperthyroidism can be diagnosed through blood tests, ultrasound, thyroid scan, and radioactive iodine uptake test. Depending on the severity, treatment for this condition involves medications such as anti-thyroid drugs, beta-blockers, and radioactive iodine pills. Surgical removal of thyroid glands is also another treatment option, but it involves risks such as damage to vocal cords and parathyroid glands.
Consult your doctor for a detailed medical examination and treatment.