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Dr. Mukul Chandra Kapoor






Professor Mukul Chandra Kapoor is an accomplished Anesthesiologist with more than 30 years of experience in Anesthesiology. He served in the Armed Forces Medical Services for 27 years and thereafter took premature retirement in 2011. His last rank was Colonel and held the designation of Senior Adviser, Professor and Head of Anaesthesiology and Cardiothoracic Anaesthesiology. He has been a post-graduate teacher for the last 25 years. He was a faculty at Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Army Hospital (R&R), Delhi, and other teaching hospitals of the Armed Forces. Dr. Kapoor has a passion for teaching and has been driving teaching programs across the country. He has been a PG guide in Anesthesiology for the University of Pune, the University of Delhi, and King George Medical University, Lucknow. He was also a guide for ICMR Senior Research Fellowship. After his retirement from the Armed Forces, he served as the Director Anaesthesiology at Max Healthcare Delhi. He is credited with starting the DNB Anaesthesiology Teaching Program at Max Hospital Vaishali Ghaziabad and Max Smart Hospital, Saket, Delhi. He regularly serves as an examiner for MD (Anesthesiology), DNB (Anesthesiology), DM (Cardiac Anesthesiology), FNB (Cardiac Anesthesiology), and FIACTA.

Dr. Kapoor was the President of the Indian Association of Cardiovascular Thoracic Anaesthesiologists and aslo served as Dean Academics of the Indian College of Cardiac Anaesthesia. He is currently the Chief editor of the famed journal ‘Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia’ and the very popular ‘Yearbook of Anesthesiology.’ He has earlier served as Chief Editor of the Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology. He is a peer reviewer for several international journals. Dr. Kapoor is recognized in the academic field and has written 3 books, 7 chapters in books and has 88 publications in peer-reviewed journals. He is a prolific speaker and is regular faculty at conferences and CMEs in India and abroad. He has delivered the prestigious Chennai Anaesthesia Foundation Oration, the PN Bhatt Oration (IACTA), and the Venkat Rao Oration (ISA). He was conferred the Sushruta Award by Max Healthcare for Excellence in Academics and Publication.

After a long and distinguished career in the Armed Forces and the Corporate Hospitals, Dr Kapoor has joined Amrita Hospitals, Faridabad, Delhi NCR as Chief Consultant, Professor and Head of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care.

  • MBBS
  • MD (Anaesthesiology)
  • DNB (Anaesthesiology)
  • Fellow of Indian Association of Cardiovascular Thoracic Anaesthesiologists (FIACTA).

Expertise of delivering anaesthesia for the entire range of patients from neonates to adults, from Arterial Switch Surgery to Cardiac Transplant. Skilled in exercising caution in administering anaesthesia to patients with a history of co-morbidities or various heart diseases for non-cardiac surgery. Strong communication skills, analytical ability & capability to work under stress & strenuous conditions.

Fellowship Indian Association of Cardiovascular Thoracic Anaesthesiologists (FIACTA).

  • Army Commander (Eastern Command) Commendation – 2008.
  • Late Major General NG Latey Memorial Prize for best publication in the field of Cardiothoracic Sciences in 2004 – AFMRC Feb 2005.
  • Lt. Gen. BD Verma Medal for standing 1st in PSM in MOJCC – 1994.
  • Best All Round Officer Medical Officers Junior Command Course: 1994.
  • Dr. Ambadekar Award (University of Pune) for standing 1st in MD (Anaesthesiology) in Pune University in 1992.
  • Chief of Army Staff Commendation in 1990.
  • Best All Round Officer Medical Officers Basic Course: 1985.
  • Award for the exceptional contributor as Chief Editor by the Research Society of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology
  • Runners-up Asian Patient Safety Awards Category Anaesthesia and Surgery - International Patient Safety Congress 2016
  • Honorable Mention - Excellence Award for Quality & Safety and Patient-Centered Care at the 40th World Hospital Congress, Durban, South Africa, 2016
  • Delivered Chennai Anaesthesia Foundation Oration May 2018
  • Conferred Sushruta Award by Max Healthcare for Excellence in Academics and Publication
  • Delivered PN Bhatt Oration in February 2019 during the Annual Conference of IACTA
  • Delivered the Venkat Rao Oration during ISACON in Bengaluru on 27 Nov 2019.

Chapter in Textbooks

  1. Kapoor MC & Stone ME – ‘Cardiac Output and Intravascular Volume’ in textbook ‘Monitoring in Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care’. Edited by David L. Reich, Cambridge University Press, New York, USA
  2. Kapoor MC. ‘Cardiomyopathy in Pregnancy’. ‘In Yearbook of Anesthesiology 5th Ed.’ Raminder Saigal, Jaypee, New Delhi, India
  3. Kapoor MC. ‘Acute Kidney Injury after Cardiac Surgery’. ISACON 2016 Book.
  4. Kapoor MC. ‘Anesthesia for Cardiac Tumors.’ In ‘International Textbook of Onco-Anaesthesiology.’ Editors Garg R, Bhatnagar S. Springers Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2021
  5. Kapoor MC. ‘Anesthesia in Pulmonary Hypertension.’ In ‘Yearbook of Anesthesiology - 8.’ Editors Raminder Sehgal & Anjan Trikha. Jaypee, New Delhi, India.
  6. Kapoor MC. ‘Anesthesia for Noncardiac surgery in a cardiac patient.’ In ‘Exam Oriented Book in Anaesthesiology (Practical).’ Ed. Gupta K, Sabharwal N, Saxena A, Kochar A, Choudhary P.
  7. Kapoor MC. Perioperative Neurological Dysfunction. ‘Yearbook of Anesthesiology 11- 2021’. Ed Kapoor MC, Singh B. Jaypee, New Delhi, India
  8. Kapoor MC. ‘Ventilation Strategies to Prevent Postoperative Pulmonary Infection.‘ In Anesthesia Yearbook 2022. Ed Kapoor MC, Singh B. Jaypee, New Delhi, India (in press)

International Journals

  1. Kapoor MC, Saxena N. Long term angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor treatment increases vasoconstrictor requirement during normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass. Anesth Analg 1998:86(2S):74S
  2. Kapoor MC, Kiran U, Mehrotra S & Saxena N. Management of an unusual presentation of aneurysm of the ductus arteriosus. J Cardiovasc Thorac Anesth 1999;13(4):465-7
  3. Chauhan S, Rao BH, Ghosh T, Sahu M, Kapoor M, Saxena N. The venous ACT after heparin – How much discard? J Cardiovasc Thorac Anesth 1998;12(2):721-2
  4. Kapoor MC, Singh S, Sharma S, Chatterjee S, Cassoria L, Sommer RJ. Embolization of an atrial septal occluder device. J Cardiovasc Thorac Anesth 2003;17(6):755-63
  5. Kapoor MC, Singh S, Sharma S. Resuscitation in a patient with giant left atrial myxoma after cardiac arrest. J Cardiovasc Thorac Anesth 2004;18(6):769-71
  6. Sharma S, Kapoor MC, Sharma VK, Dubey AK. Epidural Hematoma Complicating High Thoracic Epidural Catheter Placement Intended For Cardiac Surgery. J Cardiovasc Thorac Anesth 2004;18(6):759-62
  7. Kapoor MC, Sharma S, Sharma VK, Dugal JS, Singh C. Anaesthesia for percutaneous transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defect. J Cardiovasc Thorac Anesth 2006;20(2):202-8
  8. Kapoor MC. Pulse Contour Analysis. Applied Cardiopulmonary Pathophysiology. 2007;11(4):44-5
  9. Kapoor MC. One-Lung Anesthesia Alters the Magnitude of Aortic Regurgitation Because of a Reduction in Intrathoracic Pressure. J Cardiovasc Thorac Anesth 2011;25(2):e5
  10. Tiwari AK, Tomar GS, Chadha M, Kapoor MC. Takayasu’s arteritis: Anesthetic significance and management of a patient for cesarean section using epidural volume extension technique. Anesth Essays Res 2011;5:98-101
  11. Rangachari V, Aggarwal R, Jain A, Kapoor MC. Neonatal airway lesions: our experience and a review of the literature. J Laryngol Otol. 2013; 127(1):80-3.
  12. Khan AM, Kapoor MC, Deuri B. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Lateral Decubitus Position. J Anesth Crit Care Open Access 2015; 3(4): 00104
  13. Kapoor MC, Sharma B, Garg S, Mani M. Implementation of Enhanced Anesthesia Recovery Program (EARP) for improving Anesthesia Related Patient Care outcomes and enhancing recovery. World Hospital and Health Services - IHF Recognition Awards for 2016;53:1
  14. Puri A, Tobin R, Bhattacharjee S, Kapoor MC. Noncardiac surgery in patients with a left ventricular assist device. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2020:28(1):15-21. DOI: 10.1177/0218492319895840
  15. Khan A, Kapoor MC, Garg S, Puri A, Sinha A. I-gel supraglottic airway use is efficient and safe during minimal flow anesthesia with volume controlled ventilation-a randomized controlled trial. Anaesth Pain Intensive Care 2020;24(1):36-41.
  16. Kapoor MC, Salwan T, Garg S, Puri A, Gupta V. An observational study to determine whether alignment of Endotracheal Tube Indicator Line with the Vocal Cords results in Appropriate Depth of Intubation. Acta Anaesthesiol Belg 2020;71:83-89. https://www.besarpp.be/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/05-kapoor.pdf

Indian Journals

  1. Kapoor MC & Saxena N. Normothermic versus hypothermic bypass: haemodynamics and metabolic effects. Ann Cardiac Anaesth 1998;2:84-5
  2. Saxena N, Kapoor MC, Rao BH, Chauhan S. Rocuronium for intubation in coronary artery bypass graft surgery. J Anaesth Clin Pharmacol 1998;14(3):233-6
  3. Naresh SN, Kapoor MC, Ramachandran TR, Kale SC. A comparative study of release of Interleukin-6 and Tumour Necrosis Factor during cardiopulmonary bypass. Ann Cardiac Anaesth 2002;5(1):43-52
  4. Kapoor MC, Ramachandran TR. Inflammatory Response to Cardiac Surgery and Strategies to overcome it. Ann Cardiac Anaesth 2004;7(1):113-8
  5. Kapoor MC, Ramachandran TR, Sanyal S, Vardhan H. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in cases of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. J Anaesth Clin Pharmacol 2004;20(3): 311-3
  6. Kapoor MC, Dugal JS, Sharma S, Singh S. Percutaneous Transvenous Mitral Commissurotomy – A Life Saving Option in Severe Mitral Stenosis with Cardiogenic Shock. Ann Cardiac Anaesth 2004;7(1):158-61
  7. Patra P, Kapoor MC, Nair TGM. Spinal Anaesthesia With Low Dose Bupivacaine And Fentanyl Provides Good Surgical Conditions For Endoscopic Urological Surgeries. J Anaesth Clin Pharmacol 2005;21(2):147-54
  8. Singh J, Kumar S, Sidhu SS, Kapoor MC, Ravishanker V, Luthra M. Surgical Management of Aortic Stenosis in a Child. Med J Armed Forces India. 2008; 64:197-8
  9. Kapoor MC. Is blood transfusion an independent predictor of increased resource utilization and postoperative morbidity? Ann Cardiac Anaesth 2008;11(2):135-6
  10. Gadhinglajkar S, Unnikrishnan K P, Sreedhar R, Kapoor MC, Neema PK. Surgical retrieval of embolised atrial septal occluder device from pulmonary artery: Pathophysiology and role of the intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography. Ann Cardiac Anaesth 2009;12(1):40-48
  11. Kapoor MC. Fire Safety in the Operating Room. J Anaesth Clin Pharmacol 2010;26 (suppl):6-1
  12. Kapoor MC. Could postoperative pulmonary oedema be attributed to the use of neostigmine? Indian J Anaesth 2010;54(6):582
  13. Kapoor MC, Kumar S, Gourishankar R. Fluid Infusion into the Pericardium Resulting from Accidental Displacement of a Subclavian Venous Cannula. Ann Cardiac Anaesth 2011;14(1):41-44
  14. Kapoor MC. Negative Pressure Pulmonary Oedema. Indian J Anaesth 2011;55(1):10-11
  15. Kapoor MC. Anaesthetic induction in coronary artery disease patients with left ventricular dysfunction. Ann Cardiac Anaesth 2011;14(1):68
  16. Kapoor MC. ‘Evidence Based Medicine’- Can everything be evident? Ann Cardiac Anaesth 2011;14(1):3-5
  17. Kapoor MC. From the desk of the new editor. J Anaesth Clin Pharmacol 2011;27:3-4
  18. Kapoor MC. Alzheimer’s disease, Anesthesia and the Cholinergic System. J Anaesth Clin Pharmacol 2011;27(2):155-8
  19. Goyal R, Kapoor MC. Anesthesia: Contributing to pollution? J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2011;27:435-7
  20. Ramprasad R, Kapoor MC. Nutrition in Intensive Care. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2012; 28: 1 – 3.
  21. Tiwari AK, Tomar GS, Tayal S, Chadha M, Kapoor M. Anaesthetic significance and management of a child with neonatal purpura fulminans. Indian J Anaesth 2012;56:283-6
  22. Kapoor MC, Vakamudi M – Desflurane-Revisited. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2012; 28: 92-100
  23. Kapoor MC, Rangachari V. Airway management in neonates and infants with congenital airway lesions. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2012; 28: 285-86
  24. Kapoor MC. "Code Red" The Disaster Manual. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2012;28:550
  25. Kapoor MC. Clinical Practice of Cardiac Anesthesia Third Edition. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2012;28:551
  26. Kapoor MC. Invited Commentary. Ann Card Anaesth 2013;16:99-101
  27. Kapoor MC, Kumar P, Chakravarti P. Use of dopamine infusion improved oxygenation in a patient of Ebstein's anomaly with atrial septal defect. Ann Card Anaesth 2013;16:201-4
  28. Kapoor MC, Sarupria A, Gupta K, Kumar AS. Cardiomegaly due to left atrial enlargement mimicking dextrocardia in chest radiograph. Ann Card Anaesth 2013;16:279-80
  29. Kapoor MC, Khanna G. Stellate ganglion block in cardiac surgery. Ann Card Anaesth 2013;16:242-4
  30. Kapoor MC. Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Pregnancy. Ann Card Anaesth 2014;17:33-3
  31. Kapoor MC. Systolic Anterior Motion of the Mitral Valve in Hypovolemia. Indian J Anaesth 2014;58:7-8
  32. Kapoor MC. Phenylephrine in cardiac surgery: Will it have a place? Ann Card Anaesth 2014;17:209-10
  33. Kapoor MC. In response to "Post extubation negative pressure pulmonary edema due to posterior mediastinal cyst in an infant": Is there reasonable evidence? Ann Card Anaesth 2014;17:249-50
  34. Garg S, Kapoor MC. Self-knotting of a nasogastric tube passed through i-gel™. Indian J Anaesth 2015;59:331-2
  35. Kapoor MC. Empowering anesthesiologists. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2015;31:291-2
  36. Bajwa SJ, Baruah MP, Kalra S, Kapoor MC. Interdisciplinary position statement on management of hyperglycemia in peri-operative and intensive care. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol. 2015;31(2):155-64
  37. Khan AM, Kapoor MC, Puri A. Cesarean section under spinal anesthesia in a patient of Takayasu’s arteritis. J Obstet Anaesth Crit Care 2015;5:90-92
  38. Kapoor MC, Garg S, Jaiswal B, Choudhri S, Saxena P. Difficult airway after late postoperative bleeding in a case of total thyroidectomy, tracheal resection and reconstruction. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2015;31:563-6
  39. Neema PK, Kapoor MC. Anesthetic management of a patient with mitral stenosis undergoing mitral valve repair/replacement. MAMC J Med Sci 2016;2:94-8
  40. Jagia M, Kapoor MC, Panjiar P. Pneumocephalus after Epidural analgesia: Should loss of resistance with air be blown out? J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2016;32:272-73.
  41. Kapoor MC, Rana S, Singh AK, Vishal V, Sikdar I. Nasal mask ventilation is better than face mask ventilation in edentulous patients. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2016;32:314-8
  42. Kapoor MC. Types of Studies and Research Design. Indian J Anaesth 2016;60:626-30
  43. Kapoor MC. TEE or not to TEE. Ann Card Anaesth 2016;19:S1
  44. Kapoor MC, Radhakrishnan M, Ramesh VJ, Murthy HS, Sharma D, Gundappa P, et al. A prospective observational study of the use of desflurane anesthesia in Indian adult inpatients undergoing surgery: The Registry in India on Suprane Emergence registry. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2017;33:164-71.
  45. Kapoor MC. Violence against the medical profession. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2017;33:145-47
  46. Sharda M, Kapoor MC, Atray R, Garg S. Insertion of igel by the reversed technique improves the success rate and reduces the time taken for its placement: A prospective, randomized, controlled, interventional trial. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2017;33;226-30.
  47. Kapoor MC, Anand S. Quota in specialty and super-specialty courses: What does the judiciary say? Nat Med J India 2017;30(3):97-98
  48. Kapoor MC. Atmospheric Pollution in Cardiac Operating Rooms. Ann Card Anaesth 2017;20:391-92
  49. Kapoor MC, Rao SC, Mishra BB. Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines: Ushering in a new initiative. Indian J Anaesth 2017;61:865-6
  50. Ahmed SM, Garg R, Divatia JV, Rao SC, Mishra BB, Kalandoor M V, Kapoor MC, Singh B. Compression-only life support (COLS) for cardiopulmonary resuscitation by layperson outside the hospital. Indian J Anaesth 2017;61:867-73
  51. Garg R, Ahmed SM, Kapoor MC, Mishra BB, Rao SC, Kalandoor M V, Divatia JV, Singh B. Basic cardiopulmonary life support (BCLS) for cardiopulmonary resuscitation by trained paramedics and medics outside the hospital. Indian J Anaesth 2017;61:874-82
  52. Garg R, Ahmed SM, Kapoor MC, Rao SC, Mishra BB, Kalandoor MV, Singh B, Divatia JV. Comprehensive cardiopulmonary life support (CCLS) for cardiopulmonary resuscitation by trained paramedics and medics inside the hospital. Indian J Anaesth 2017;61:883-94
  53. Kapoor MC. Assessing outcomes of resuscitation training in hospitals. Indian J Anaesth 2018;62:327-9
  54. Kapoor MC. Functional Barriers to acceptance of the WHO Surgical Safety Checklist are just myths! J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2018;34:249-50
  55. Kapoor MC, Ahmed SM, Garg R. Indian resuscitation council cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines: The way ahead! Indian J Anaesth 2018;62:924-5.
  56. Karkhur Y, Mahajan R, Kakralia A, Pandey AP, Kapoor MC. A comparative analysis of femoral nerve block with adductor canal block following total knee arthroplasty: A systematic literature review. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2018;34:433-8
  57. Garg R, Ahmed SM, Kapoor MC, Mishra BB, Chakra Rao SSC. National cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines: Journey Forward. Central J ISA 2018;2:1-2
  58. Kapoor MC, Sashank A, Vats A, Garg S, Puri A. Minimal flow anesthesia can be initiated early with the use of higher fresh gas flow to facilitate desflurane “Washin”. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2019;35::487-92.
  59. Kapoor MC. ‘Safe Anaesthesia Care for All’ in India - Challenges. Ind J Anaesth 2019;63:963-4
  60. Kapoor MC. Depth of Anaesthesia Monitoring in Cardiac Surgery - Standard of Care soon? Ann Card Anaesth 2020;23:260-1
  61. Kapoor MC. Neurological Dysfunction after Cardiac Surgery and Cardiac Intensive Care Admission: A Narrative Review Part 1: The Problem; Nomenclature; Delirium and Postoperative Neurocognitive Disorder; and the Role of Cardiac Surgery and Anaesthesia. Ann Card Anaesth 2020;23:383-90.
  62. Kapoor MC. Neurological Dysfunction after Cardiac Surgery and Cardiac Intensive Care Admission: A Narrative Review Part 2: Cognitive Dysfunction after critical illness; Potential Contributors in Surgery and Intensive Care; Pathogenesis; and Therapies to prevent/treat PND. Ann Card Anaesth 2020;23:391-400.
  63. Sachin EA, Puri A, Kapoor MC. Comparison of Leakage Test and Ultrasound Imaging for Confirmation of ProSeal Supraglottic Airway Device Placement. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2020;36:227-232
  64. Kapoor MC. Why not Non-Physician Anaesthesia Providers? Ind J Anaesth 2020;64:254.
  65. Kapoor MC. Cardiovascular Adverse Effects of Sugammadex. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2020;36:469-70
  66. Kapoor MC. Cohabitation with COVID. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2020;36:S4-6
  67. Kapoor MC. Reducing the Viral load while securing the Airway. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2020;36:S147-8.
  68. Kapoor MC. Respiratory and Cardiovascular Effects of COVID-19 Infection and their Management. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2020;36:S21-8.
  69. Garg S, Singh A, Kalita M, Siddiqui AZ, Kapoor MC. Peripartum cardiomyopathy mimicking COVID-19 infection. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2020;36:S44-7.
  70. Kapoor MC, Rao SS, Dewan R, Bottiger BW. A survey of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in COVID19 patients. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2021;37:47-50.
  71. Kapoor MC. Competency Based Anesthesia Education: A Welcome Step. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2021;37:203-4.
  72. Kapoor MC. Changing paradigms in the practice of cardiac anesthesiology. Ann Card Anaesth 2022;25:251-3