Cleft and Craniomaxillofacial Surgery
The specialty of craniofacial surgery involves the treatment of skull and facial deformities arising at the time of birth. The Department of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery at Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences with its state of art facilities and outstanding team of doctors offers the highest quality of care. The philosophy of care for the child with a craniofacial condition is to provide a comprehensive multidisciplinary service that addresses both the equally important functional, aesthetic and psychological aspects of the conditions seen by the group. The multidisciplinary approach includes a Craniofacial Surgeon, Paediatric Neurosurgeon, Neuro-Anesthetist, Paediatrician, Ophthalmologists, Plastic Surgeons, Audiologists and Dentists.
Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate
Being a Smile Train accredited centre, cleft lip, palate and several cleft related surgeries are provided for free. Treatment for children with cleft lip and palate should report at the earliest so that naso-alveolar molding (to correct the shape of the nose) can be done. Cleft lip repair / surgery is usually carried out at the age 4 months, whereas cleft palate is done at the age of 1 year (before the child develops his or her speech).
Craniosynostosis is the early fusion of the cranial suture / sutures leading to distorted shape of the head. Surgical correction of craniosynostosis involves remodeling / reshaping of the skull and not the brain. The ideal time for correction of craniosynostosis is before one year of age. As age increases the deformity increases.
- Plagiocephaly (Unicoronal Synostosis): It is the most commonest craniofacial condition caused due to premature / early fusion of the coronal suture on one side (one half of the coronal suture) characterized by an asymmetrical distortion of the skull on the affected side (flattening of the forehead on the affected side and increased forehead bulge on the opposite side.
- Brachycephaly (Coronal Suture Synostosis): Caused due to the premature fusion of the entire coronal suture. Children with brachycephaly often have an increased height of the forehead and flat forehead.
- Trigonocephaly (Metopic Suture Synostosis): Head appears to be triangular in shape.
- Scaphocepahly (Sagittal Suture Synostosis): Bullet shaped head, often presents with an increased head length.
- Multi-sutural Synostosis: There is fusion of more than cranial suture, which leads to a complete deformation of the head.
Facial cleft is an opening or gap in the face, or a malformation of a part of the face. All structures like bone, soft tissue, skin etc. can be affected. Facial clefts are extremely rare congenital anomalies.
Hypertelorism is an abnormally increased distance between the orbits (eyes). Usually associated with facial cleft.
- Aperts syndrome.
- Crouzons syndrome.
- Saethre-Chotzen syndrome.
- Pfeiffers syndrome.
The issues associated with these conditions are increased intracranial pressure, compromised airway, visual disturbances (vision), sleep apnea, altered head shape. To correct the increased intra cranial pressure and to improvise the vision, posterior cranial vault is considered as an initial step. Once the intracranial pressure is relieved, the midface advancement and cranioplasty is done to improve the airway (breathing ability) and appearance (correction of head shape).
Transfacial Pin Midface Distraction
ROSA is used to better precision in carrying out the surgical procedure.
- Cranio-fronto-nasal dysplasia
- Hemifacial microsomia.
- Goldenhar/hemifacial microsomia.