The Department of Nephrology provides comprehensive health care for patients with different types of renal (kidney) diseases. Acute and chronic renal diseases caused by diabetes mellitus, hypertension, stone disease, infections, hereditary illness and poisons are diagnosed and managed.
Highly qualified and experienced physicians look after patients with various types of kidney diseases. The physicians are ably supported by a committed team of nurses, physician assistants, medical social workers and a renal nutritionist.
Patients with a severe degree of kidney failure cannot lead a comfortable life with medications and dietary restrictions alone. They need a treatment modality known as dialysis, a procedure to purify the blood by removing toxic substances.
The term chronic renal failure denotes a permanent loss of kidney function. When a person has suffered an irreversible loss of more than 90% of kidney function, the patient is diagnosed as having end-stage renal disease. Patients with end-stage renal disease undergo lifelong maintenance dialysis or a kidney transplant.
The department offers two types of dialysis; hemodialysis, in which the patient's blood is filtered by an artificial kidney and peritoneal dialysis, wherein a soft tube called a catheter is used to fill the abdomen with a cleansing liquid called dialysis solution. Those with end- stage renal disease are given the option of either hemodialysis or Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD).
Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients who have end-stage renal disease, wherein they have permanently lost over 90% of their kidney function. The only two options available to such patients are kidney transplantation or life-long dialysis.
The Department of Nephrology coordinates the comprehensive kidney transplantation program. All essential departments and laboratory support are provided under one roof. A state-of-the-art hemodialysis unit prepares patients for the transplant surgery. The unit has the latest computerized dialysis machines and monitors to ensure patient safety. The most well-equipped and modern operation theatres provide a safe surgical procedure for patients where experienced and qualified anaesthesiology, urology and vascular surgery teams work together.
Well-planned protocol-based postoperative care helps in prompt recovery after surgery. Transplant recipients are followed up on a regular basis by the transplant team.
In this state-of-the-art facility patients are continuously monitored by modern electronic devices to provide smooth and comfortable treatment with a greatly reduced risk of complications.
The dialysis therapists work closely with the nephrologists, the trained staff nurses, and medical social workers to provide comprehensive care. There are also facilities for plasmapheresis, which is a procedure to remove toxins and unwanted proteins from the blood of patients who have auto-immune diseases.
The well-equipped clinical laboratories and imaging services offer the necessary facilities for investigating patients with kidney diseases. A powerful MRI, high-speed Spiral CT Scanner, and Gamma Camera provide clear images and functional renal evaluation.
Kidney biopsy is a diagnostic procedure used to diagnose different types of kidney diseases. Ultrasonogram guided spring loaded thin needle kidney biopsy reduces the complications of the procedure considerably.